As part of its ‘Vision 2030’ development program, the Kenyan government is keen on the exploration of coal for mining in Kitui County. In 2005, a 500 square kilometre area stretching through Kitui and Mutomo was discovered to contain a significant coal reserve. The Mui Coal Basin project is currently divided into blocks titled A, B, C, and D.
The pursuit of coal mining, through a concession awarded to a Chinese company, is threatening the livelihoods of farmers and pastoralists in the Kitui County. Women especially are affected through land insecurity. Land tenure is often informal. The community speaks out to claim their rights to water, food and a clean environment.